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The Medical Industry presents some of the keenest challenges for engineering materials. In terms of absolute stress and strain on materials, the medical industry doesn't challenge the Aeronautical Industry, for example. However, it makes its own demands on materials due to the need for biocompatibility, and sterilisation.

To be considered for selection in the Medical Industry materials must be either: biocompatible for internal use, so that the body doesn't react with it; have a bone matching Young's modulus for joints, plates, screws etc. to prevent bone fragmentation; be straightfoward to shape accurately, to better guarantee a like-for-like joint replacement; possess the ability to be cleaned, leaving a sterile surface for repeated uses and generally be strong enough to face the rigours of day-to-day hospital or clinic use. 

The materials and applications on this page are listed solely as a guide and do not reflect the limit of our supply, or the uses of said materials. If you have a specific application for which you need particular materials, please do not hesitate to contact us.

Aluminium in the Medical Industry



  • Stethoscopes

  • Zimmerframes

  • Wheelchairs

  • Crutches

  • IV stands

  • Disposable tools

  • Surgical cases

  • Trays

  • Instruments


  • Lightweight and high strength

  • Grades 6061, 6063 and 3003 have elements of bio-compatibility

  • Cheaper than traditional alternatives

  • Coatings and anodisation can also enhance bio-compatibility

  • Coatings may be colour coded

  • Hard anodising type III offers extremely hard coating to ensure surface integrity

  • Easily extruded into complex shapes aiding design flexibilty


  • 1060 & 1145

  • 3003

  • 6061 & 6063

Medical Aluminium

Nickel in the Medical Industry



  • Alloy used in Stainless Steel medical equipment

  • Magnets in MRI machines


  • Nitinol is used for:

  • Stents

  • Transcatheter heart valves

  • Orthodentic wires

  • Surgical instruments


  • Naturally ferromagnetic, typically used in MRI machine magnets

  • Nitinol (Nickel/Titanium alloy) is considered bio-compatible

  • Principal alloy of 304 Stainless Steel - used to make cabinets, sinks and surfaces because of its ease of cleaning and sterilisation


  • K-500

Medical Nickel

Steel in the Medical Industry



  • Surgical instruments I.e. scalpels, forceps, clamps etc.

  • Staples

  • Needles

  • Hardware including beds & stretchers

  • Artificial heart components  Orthopaedic implants

  • Chemical containers

  • Toxic waste containers  Syringes

  • Bone fixation components

  • IV stands

  • Sinks

  • Basins

  • Cupboards


  • Broad range of alloys for a diverse set of applications

  • Stainless Steels are non-corrosive and anti-bacterial in nature as they hinder oxidation, possess a self-healing passive Chromium-Oxide film, as well as resisting staining and can be thoroughly cleaned without degradation

  • Non-magnetic - will not cause devices like pacemakers to malfunction

  • Ceases to be malleable once hardened

  • Readily shaped and formed into myriad shapes for different purposes

  • Easily sharpened and will keep its edge for multiple uses


  • 301, 301Si & 304

Medical Steel

Titanium in the Medical Industry



  • Artificial heart components

  • Artificial knee & hip joints

  • Dental implants

  • Dental roots

  • Bone plates

  • Screws and fixings

  • Orthopaedic implants

  • Surgical instruments


  • Permanent oxide layer shields tissue from reacting with metal beneath, making it ideally biocompatible

  • High strength to weight ratio

  • Non-magnetic and low electrical conductivity - will not cause devices such as pacemakers to malfunction

  • Good fracture resistance

  • Lesser Vanadium featuring alloys such as Ti-6Al-7Nb reduce risk of cytotoxin poisoning

  • Proven 3D printing success allows bone matching Young's modulus as well as simpler manufacturing processes


  • Grade 1, Grade 2, Grade 3, Grade 4

  • Grade 5, Ti-6Al-7Nb, Grade 23

Medical Titanium

Carbon Fibre in the Medical Industry



  • Surgical instruments

  • X-ray and imaging tables

  • Dental implants

  • Bone fixation plates for fractures

  • Anchors for sutures

  • Prostheses


  • Strong and lightweight

  • Stiffness can be controlled to match that of bone 

  • Non-magnetic - will not cause devices like pacemakers to malfunction

  • Radiolucent properties - almost completely transparent under fluoroscopes

  • Readily shaped and formed into myriad shapes for different purposes

  • Biocompatible

  • Excellent resistance to fatigue failure, leading to longer service life of parts


  • 3K

  • 6K

  • 12K

Medical Carbon Fibre

Aramids in the Medical Industry



  • Replacement for cartilage in joints


  • Biocompatible for intra-body use

  • Strong and abrasion resistant

  • Straightforward to form into complex shapes


  • Kevlar

Medical Aramids
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